Chinese Birds     2010 1 (1):  1-8    ISSN: 1674-7674:  CN: 11-5870/Q

Patterns of species diversity and functional diversity of breeding birds in Hangzhou across an urbanization gradient
Peng LI 1, Ping DING 1,*, Kenneth J. FEELEY 2, Jingcheng ZHANG 1, Pingping JIANG 1
1 Key Laboratory of Conservation Biology for Endangered Wildlife of Ministry of Education, College of Life Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
2 Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199, USA
Received null  Revised null  Online 2010-02-12
Reference  

Beissinger SR, Osborne DR. 1982. Effects of urbanization on avian community organization. Condor, 8:75–83
Blair RB. 1996. Land use and avian species diversity along an urban gradient. Ecol Appl, 6(2):506–519
Blair RB. 1999. Birds and butterflies along an urban gradient. Ecol Appl, 9(1):164–170
Blair R. 2004. The effect of urban sprawl on birds at multiple levels of biological organization. Ecol Soc, 9(5):2
Bolger DT, Scott TA, Rotenberry JT. 1997. Breeding bird abun­dance in an urbanizing landscape in coastal southern California. Conserv Biol, 11(2):406–421
Canterbury GE, Martin TE, Petit DR, Petit LJ, Bradford FB. 2000. Bird communities and habitat as ecological indicators of forest condition in regional monitoring. Conserv Biol, 14(2):544–558
Chen SH, Ding P, Zheng GM, Zhuge Y. 2000. Impacts of ur­banization on the wetland water-bird communities in Hang­zhou. Zool Res, 21(4):279–285 (in Chinese)
Chen FG, Luo SY. 1998. Fauna Sinica Aves Vol.9. Sci­ence Press, Beijing (in Chinese)
Cheng TH. 1978. Fauna Sinica Aves Vol.4. Sci­ence Press, Beijing (in Chinese)
Cheng TH. 1979. Fauna Sinica Aves Vol.2. Science Press, Beijing (in Chinese)
Cheng TH, Long ZY, Zheng BF. 1987. Fauna Sinica Aves Vol.11. Science Press, Beijing (in Chinese)
Cheng TH, Xian YH, Guan GX. 1991. Fauna Sinica Aves Vol.6. Science Press, Beijing (in Chinese)
Cheng TH, Long ZY, Lu TC. 1995. Fauna Sinica Aves Vol.10. Science Press, Beijing (in Chinese)
Cheng TH. 1997. Fauna Sinica Aves Vol.1. Science Press, Beijing (in Chinese)
Crooks KR, Suarez AV, Bolger DT. 2004. Avian assemblages along a gradient of urbanization in a highly fragmented land­scape. Biol Conserv, 115:451–462
DeGraaf RM, Wentworth JM. 1986. Avian guild structure and habitat associations in suburban bird communities. Urban Ecol, 9:399–412
Díaz S, Cabido M. 2001. Vive la difference: plant functional diversity matters to ecosystem processes. Trends Ecol Evol, 16:646–655
Emlen JT. 1974. An urban bird community in Tucson, Arizona: derivation, structure, regulation. Condor, 76:184–197
Fernández-Juricic E. 2000. Avifaunal use of wooded streets in an urban landscape. Conserv Biol, 14:513–521
Fontaine JJ, Martel M, Markland HM, Niklison AM, Decker KL, Martin TE. 2007. Testing ecological and behavioral correlates of nest predation. Oikos, 116:1887–1894
Fu TS, Song YJ, Gao W. 1998. Fauna Sinica Aves Vol.14. Science Press, Beijing (in Chinese)
Garden J, McAlpine C, Peterson A, Jones D, Possingham H. 2006. Review of the ecology of Australian urban fauna: A focus on spatially explicit processes. Austral Ecol, 31:126– 148
Hooper DU, Solan M, Symstad A, Díaz S, Gessner MO, Buch­mann N, Degrange V, Grime P, Hulot F, Mermil­lod-blondin F, Roy J, Spehn E, van Peer L. 2002. Species diversity, functional diversity and ecosystem functioning. In: Loreau M, Naeem S, Inchausti P (eds) Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Syntheses and Perspectives. Ox­ford University Press, Oxford, pp 195–208
Knapp S, Kühn I, Schweiger O, Klotz S. 2008. Challenging urban species diversity: contrasting phylogenetic patterns across plant functional groups in Germany. Ecol Lett, 11: 1054–1064
Lee PF, Ding TS, Hsu FH, Geng S. 2004. Breeding bird spe­cies richness in Taiwan: distribution on gradients of eleva­tion, primary productivity and urbanization. J Biogeogr, 31: 307–304
Li GY, Zheng BL, Liu GZ. 1982. Fauna Sinica Aves Vol.13. Science Press, Beijing (in Chinese)
Li P, Zhang JC, Li BC, Wood C, Jiang PP, Ding P. 2009. Effects of Urbanization on the Avian Nesting Guilds in Hangzhou. Zool Res, 30(3):295–320 (in Chinese)
Li PF, Li W, Zhou W, Wang CF, Cai HY. 2004. Ecological habits of bird of hawk family in Baishilazi region. J Liaoning Forest Sci Technol, 3:5–8 (in Chinese)
Lim HC, Sodhi NS. 2004. Responses of avian guilds to urbanization in a tropical city. Landscape Urban Plan, 66: 199–215
Lindsay AR, Gillum SS, Meyer MW. 2002. Influence of lake­shore development on breeding bird communities in a mixed northern forest. Biol Conserv, 107:1–11
McGill BJ, Enquist BJ, Weiher E, Westoby M. 2006. Rebuild­ing community ecology from functional traits. Trends Ecol Evol, 21(4):178–185
Melles S, Glenn S, Marti K. 2003. Urban bird diversity and landscape complexity: Species-environment associations along a multiscale habitat gradient. Conserv Ecol, 7(1):5
Mills SG, Dunning JB, Bates JB. 1989. Effects of urbanization on breeding bird community structure in southwestern de­sert habitats. Condor, 91(2):416–428
Moretti M, Bello F, Roberts SPM, Potts SG. 2009. Taxonomi­cal vs. functional responses of bee communities to fire in two contrasting climatic regions. J Anim Ecol, 78:98–108
Naeem S. 2002. Autotrophic–heterotrophic interactions and their impacts on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. In: Kinzig AP, Pacala SW, Tilman D (eds) The Functional Consequences of Biodiversity. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, pp 120–150
Naeem S, Wright JP. 2003. Disentangling biodiversity effects on ecosystem functioning: deriving solutions to a seem­ingly insurmountable problem. Ecol Lett, 6:567–579
Palomino D, Carrascal L M. 2006. Urban influence on birds at a regional scale: A case study with the avifauna of northern Madrid province. Landscape Urban Plan, 77:276–290
Park C R, Lee W S. 2000. Relationship between species com­po­si­tion and area in breeding birds of urban woods in Seoul, Korea. Landscape Urban Plan, 51:29–36
Pavao-Zuckerman MA, Coleman DC. 2007. Urbanization al­ters the functional composition, but not taxonomic diversity, of the soil nematode community. Appl Soil Ecol, 35:329– 339
Petchey OL, Gaston KJ. 2002. Functional diversity (FD), spe­cies richness, and community composition. Ecol Lett, 5: 402–411
Petchey OL, Gaston KJ. 2006. Functional diversity: back to basics and looking forward. Ecol Lett, 9:741–758
Ricklefs RE. 2001. The Economy of Nature, 5th edn. W.H. Freeman and Company, New York
Rosenberg KV, Terrill SB, Rosenberg GH, 1987. Value of suburban habitats to desert riparian birds. Wilson Bull, 99: 643–654.
Rottenborn SC. 1999. Predicting the impacts of urbanization on riparian bird communities. Biol Conserv, 88:289–299
Stevens RD, Cox SB, Strauss RE, Willig MR. 2003. Patterns of functional diversity across an extensive environmental gradient: vertebrate consumers, hidden treatments and lati­tudinal trends. Ecol Lett, 6:1099–1108
Sun MY, Li KQ, Zhu JJ, Kao CC, Sun XJ. Zhou ZS. 2002. Reproduction habits of three species of woodpeckers and their prey on insects. Forest Pest Dis, 21(2):12–14 (in Chi­nese)
Tilman D. 2001. Functional diversity. In: Levin SA (ed) Ency­clo­pedia of Biodiversity, Vol 3. Academic Press, San Diego, CA, pp 109–120
Wang YP, Chen SH, Jing PP, Ding P. 2008. Black-billed Magpies (Pica pica) adjust nest characteristics to adapt to urbanization in Hangzhou, China. Can J Zool, 86:868–874
Zheng BL. 1985. Fauna Sinica Aves Vol.8. Science Press, Beijing (in Chinese)
Zheng GM. 1995. Ornithology. Beijing Normal University Press, Beijing (in Chinese)
Zheng GM, Zhang CZ. 2002. Birds in China. China Forestry Publishing House, Beijing (in Chinese)


Corresponding author: Ping Ding, Key Laboratory of Conservation Biology for Endangered Wildlife of Ministry of Education, College of Life Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China