Chinese Birds
Chinese Birds 2013, 4(4) 281-290 DOI:   10.5122/cbirds.2013.0032  ISSN: 1674-7674 CN: 11-5870/Q

Current Issue | Archive | Search                                                            [Print]   [Close]
ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Information and Service
This Article
Supporting info
PDF(628KB)
[HTML]
Reference
Service and feedback
Email this article to a colleague
Add to Bookshelf
Add to Citation Manager
Cite This Article
Email Alert
Keywords
habitat utilization
niche
wintering ecology
Hooded Crane (Grus monacha)
goose guild
Authors
Fengting ZHAO
Lizhi ZHOU
Wenbin XU
PubMed
Article by Fengting ZHAO
Article by Lizhi ZHOU
Article by Wenbin XU

Habitat utilization and resource partitioning of wintering Hooded Cranes and three goose species at Shengjin Lake

Fengting ZHAO 1, Lizhi ZHOU 1,*, Wenbin XU 2

1 School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, Anhui University, Hefei 230601, China 2 Anhui Shengjin Lake National Nature Reserve, Dongzhi 247200, China

Abstract

The loss and degradation of wetlands have adversely affected waterbirds, which depend on wetland habitats. Interspecific competition has an important effect on habitat utilization of wintering waterbirds. Resource utilization, including partitioning, in degraded wetlands has become a hot issue in ecological studies of wintering waterbirds. In order to have an insight into the habitat utilization and resource partitioning between a Hooded Crane (Grus monacha) population and the guild of three goose species, i.e., Anser fabalis, A. albifrons and A. erythropus wintering in lake wetlands, we carried out a study at Shengjin Lake National Nature Reserve from November 2011 to April 2012. We surveyed the Hooded Cranes and goose guild foraging in various habitats during the wintering periods with a combined method of fixed route searching and fixed site observations. Resource partitioning was studied by means of calculating habitat utilization rates and the width and overlap of spatial niches. The results showed that the habitat utilization rate and the width of spatial niches of the Hooded Crane population and goose guild shifted with the season. The habitat utilization rates of the cranes in grasslands were high at all three wintering stages. The habitat utilization rates were 0.454, 0.435 and 0.959 respectively for the Hooded Cranes and 0.627, 0.491 and 0.616 for the goose guild. This suggests that the overlap in grasslands was higher between cranes and goose guild. Most habitats were accessible at the middle stage, so the width of the spatial niche of the cranes (1.099) and goose guild (1.133) both reached their peak at this stage. The greatest niche overlap was 0.914 for these two groups at the late stage, followed by 0.906 at the middle stage and the smallest was 0.854 at the early stage. Ecological response to the changes in habitats of wintering waterbirds was clearly shown in the dynamic variations of the niche of both the Hooded Cranes and the three goose species. Coexistence among waterbirds was achieved by regulation of niche width to reduce niche overlap and relieve interspecific resource partitioning.

Keywords habitat utilization   niche   wintering ecology   Hooded Crane (Grus monacha)   goose guild  
Received 2013-03-13 Revised  Online: 2013-08-20 
DOI: 10.5122/cbirds.2013.0032
Corresponding Authors: Lizhi Zhou
Email: zhoulz@ahu.edu.cn
About author:

References:
Alatalo RV, Gustafsson L, Lindén M, Lundberg A. 1985. Interspecific competition and niche shifts in tits and the goldcrest: an experiment. J Anim Ecol, 54:977–984.
Amano T, Ushiyama K, Fujita G, Higuchi H. 2006. Foraging patch selection and departure by non-omniscient foragers: a field example in White-fronted geese. Ethology, 112:544–553.
Anna MC, John W, Jon DM. 2010. Contrasting seasonal survivorship of two migratory songbirds wintering in threatened mangrove forests. Avian Conserv Ecol, 5(1):2.
Aplin LM, Cockburn A. 2012. Ecological selection and sexual dimorphism in the sooty oystercatcher, Haematopus fuliginosus. Austral Ecol, 37:248–257.
Beerens JM, Gawlik DE, Herring G, Cook MI. 2011. Dynamic habitat selection by two wading bird species with divergent foraging strategies in a seasonally fluctuating wetland. Auk, 128(4):651–662.
Both C, Van Turnhout CA, Bijlsma RG, Siepel H, Van Strien AJ, Foppen RP. 2010. Avian population consequences of climate change are most severe for long-distance migrants in seasonal habitats. Proc Roy Soc, 277:1259–1266.
Burger J, Howe MA, Hahn DC, Chase J. 1977. Effects of tide cycles on habitat selection and habitat partitioning by migrating shorebirds. Auk, 94:743–758.
Cao L, Zhang Y, Barter M, Lei G. 2010. Anatidae in eastern China during the non-breeding season: geographical distributions and protection status. Biol Conserv, 143: 650–659.
Chen JY, Zhou LZ. 2011. Guild structure of wintering waterbird assemblages in shallow lakes along Yangtze River in Anhui Province, China. Acta Ecol Sin, 31(18): 5323–5331.
Cheng Y, Cao L, Barter M, Xu W, Zhang Y, Zhao M. 2009. Wintering waterbird survey at the Anhui Shengjin Lake National Nature Reserve, China 2008/2009. University of Science and Technology of China Press, Hefei, China.
Davis CA, Smith LM. 2001. Foraging strategies and niche dynamics of coexisting shorebirds at stopover sites in the southern great plains. Auk, 118(2): 484–495.
Fox AD, Cao L, Barter M, Rees EC, Hearn RD, Cong PH, Wang X, Zhang Y, Dou ST, Shao XF. 2008. The functional use of East Dongting Lake, China, by wintering geese. Wildfowl, 58:3–19.
Gawlik DE. 2002. The effectes of prey availability on the numerical response. Ecol Monogr, 72(3):329–346.
Gerstenberg RH. 1979. Habitat utilization by wintering and migrating shorebirds on Humboldt Bay, California. Stud Avian Biol, 2:33–40.
González-Solís J, Croxall JP, Afanasyev V. 2007. Offshore spatial segregation in giant petrels Macronectes spp.: differences between species, sexes and seasons. Aquatic Conserv: Mar Freshw Ecosyst, 17:22–36.
Howes J, Bakewill D. 1989. Shorebird Studies Manual. AWB Publication, Kuala Lumpur, pp 143–147.
Isacch JP, Darieu CA, Martínez MM. 2005. Food abundance and dietary relationships among migratory shorebirds using grasslands during the non-breeding season. Waterbirds, 28(2):238–245.
Ishtiaq F, Javed S, Coulter MC, Rahmani AR. 2010. Resource partitioning in three sympatric species of storks in Keoladeo National Park, India. Waterbirds, 33(1):41–49.
Jenni DA. 1969. A study of the ecology of four species of herons during the breeding season at Lake Alice, Alachua County, Florida. Ecol Monogr, 39:245–270.
Jiang HX, Xu WB, Qian FW, Chu GZ. 2007. Impact of habitat evolvement and human disturbance on wintering water birds in Shengjin Lake of Anhui Province, China. Chin J Appl Ecol, 18:1832–1836.
Kelly JP, Evens JG, Stallcup RW, Wimpfheimer D. 1996. The effects of aquaculture on habitat use by wintering shorebirds. California Fish Game, 82(4):160–174.
Kober K, Bairlein F. 2009. Habitat choice and niche characteristics under poor food conditions: a study on migratory nearctic shorebirds in the intertidal flats of Brazil. Ardea, 97(1):31–42.
Krebs CJ. 1989. Ecological Methodology. Harper and Row, New York.
Kushlan JA. 1981. Resource use strategies of wading birds. Wilson Bull, 93(2):145–163.
Lee WS, Rhim SJ, Park CR. 2001. Habitat use of cranes in Cheolwon Basin, Korea. Korean J Ecol, 24(2):77–80.
Liu ZY, Xu WB, Wang QS, Shi KC, Xu JS, Yu GQ. 2001. Environmental carrying capacity for over-wintering Hooded Cranes in Shengjin Lake. Resour Environ Yangtze Basin, 10(5):454–459. (in Chinese)
Long LL, Ralph CJ. 2001. Dynamics of habitat use by shorebirds in estuarine and agricultural habitats in northwestern California. Wilson Bull, 113(1):41–52.
Luo JM, Wang YJ, Yang F, Liu ZJ. 2012. Effects of human disturbance on the Hooded Crane (Grus monacha) at stopover sites in northeastern China. Chinese Birds, 3:206–216.
Ma JH, Liu Y, Lei JY. 2006. Methods for Bird Surveys — A Practical Handbook. Bird Watching Society, Hong Kong.
Martínez C. 2004. Food and niche overlap of the Scarlet Ibis and the Yellow-crown Night Heron in a tropical mangrove swamp. Waterbirds, 27(1):1–8.
Mittelach GG. 1984. Predation and resource partitioning in two sunfishes (Centarchidae sp.). Ecology, 65:499–513.
Morrison RIG, Davidson NC, Wilson JR. 2007. Survival of the fattest: body stores on migration and survival in red knots Calidris canutus islandica. J Avian Biol, 38:479–487.
O’Connor RJ, Boaden PJS, Seed R. 1975. Niche breadth in bryozoa as a test of competition theory. Nature, 256:307–309.
Oksanen L. 1987. Interspeci?c competition and the structure of bird guilds in boreal Europe: the importance of doing ?eldwork in the right season. Trends Ecol Evol, 2:376–379.
Pearman PB, Guisan A, Broennimann O and Randin CF. 2008. Niche dynamics in space and time. Trends Ecol Evol, 23:149–158.
Pianka ER. 1974. Niche overlap and diffuse competition. Proc Natl Acad Sci, 71:2141–2145.
Reif J, Vo?íšek P, Štastný K, Bej?ek V, Petr J. 2008. Agricultural intensification and farmland birds: new insights from a central European country. Ibis, 150:596–605.
Reinert HK. 1984. Habitat separation between sympatric snake populations. Ecology, 65:478–486.
Ribeiro PD, Iribarne OO, Navarro D, Jaureguy L. 2004. Environmental heterogeneity, spatial segregation of prey, and the utilization of southwest Atlantic mudflats by migratory shorebirds. Ibis, 146(4):672–682.
Safran RJ, Colwell MA, Isola CR, Taft OE. 2000. Foraging site selection by nonbreeding White-faced Ibis. Condor, 102:211–215.
Schoener TW. 1974. Resource partitioning in ecological communities. Science, 185:27– 39.
Thomson RL, Ferguson JWH. 2007. Composition and foraging behaviour of mixed-species flocks in two adjacent African woodland habitats: a spatial and temporal perspective. Ostrich, 78(1):65–73.
Vahl WK, van der Meer J, Weissing FJ, van Dullemen D, Piersma T. 2005. The mechanisms of interference competition: two experiments on foraging waders. Behav Ecol, 16:845–855.
Wang QS, Hu XL. 1986. Observation of Hooded Crane wintering in Shengjin Lake. In: Ma YQ (ed) Crane Research and Conservation in China. Heilongjiang Education Press, Harbin, pp 184–189.
Wang X, Fox AD, Cong P, Barter M, Cao L. 2012. Changes in the distribution and abundance of wintering Lesser White-fronted Geese Anser erythropus in eastern China. Bird Conserv International, 22(2):128.
Wang Y, Fan BL, Ding YR, Pang SS. 2011. The current situation and discussion on wetland ecological restoration of the middle and lower Yangtze River. China Water Res, 13:4–6.
Warnock SE, Takekawa JY. 1995. Habitat preferences of wintering shorebirds in a temporally changing environment: Western Sandpipers in the San Francisco Bay estuary. Auk, 112(4):920–931.
Willard DE. 1977. The feeding ecology and behaviour of five species of herons in southeastern New Jersey. Condor, 79:462–470.
Xiang GE, Wang KF. 2005. Research on the conservation and sustainable utilization of Shengjin Lake wetland resources. Territ Nat Resour Stud, 1:40–41. (in Chinese)
Xu LL, Xu WB, Sun QY, Zhou ZZ, Shen J, Zhao XX. 2008. Flora and vegetation in Shengjin Lake. J Wuhan Bot Res, 27(3):264–270.
Yang XL. 2011. Research on the numbers, distribution, feeding behavior and diet of Great White Fronted Geese (Anser albifrons) at Shengjin Lake, the national natural reserves in Anhui Province. Dissertations. University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China.
Zhao MJ, Cao L, Fox AD. 2010. Distribution and diet of wintering Tundra Bean Geese Anser fabalis serrirostris at Shengjin Lake, Yangtze River floodplain, China. Wildfowl, 60:52–63.
Zhao MJ, Cong PH, Barter M, Fox AD, Cao L. 2012. The changing abundance and distribution of Greater White-fronted Geese Anser albifrons in the Yangtze River floodplain: impacts of recent hydrological changes. Bird Conserv Int, 22(2):135–143.
Zhou B, Zhou LZ, Chen JY, Cheng YQ, Xu WB. 2010. Diurnal time-activity budgets of wintering Hooded Cranes (Grus monacha) in Shengjin Lake, China. Waterbirds, 33(1):110–115.
Similar articles

Copyright by Chinese Birds