Chinese Birds
Chinese Birds 2013, 4(1) 57-70 DOI:   10.5122/cbirds.2013.0003  ISSN: 1674-7674 CN: 11-5870/Q

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brood parasitism
egg rejection
nest defense
Article by Juan C. REBOREDA
Article by Vanina D. FIORINI
Article by María C. De MARSICO

Antiparasitic defenses in hosts of South American cowbirds

Juan C. REBOREDA *, Vanina D. FIORINI, María C. De MARSICO

Departamento de Ecología, Genética y Evolución, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires & IEGEBA-CONICET, Pabellón II Ciudad Universitaria, C1428EGA Buenos Aires, Argentina


The cowbirds (Molothrus, Icteridae) are a monophyletic group that includes five extant brood-parasitic species. The Screaming (M. rufoaxillaris), Giant (M. oryzivorus) and Shiny (M. bonariensis) cowbirds range mostly in South America. Screaming and Shiny cowbirds are the ancestral and most recent species of the clade, respectively, therefore, differing in how long they have coevolved with their hosts. We present new experimental data on egg-rejection in a host of the Shiny Cowbird, the House Wren (Troglodytes aedon), review different lines of antiparasitic defenses in hosts of Screaming, Giant and Shiny cowbirds and assess whether hosts of different parasites differ in the type and extent of defenses. Hosts of all three parasites ejected non-mimetic eggs. Most hosts of Giant and Shiny cowbirds were grasp ejectors, whereas the main host of the Screaming Cowbird (the Baywing, Agelaioides badius) ejected parasitic eggs using its feet. Hosts smaller than Shiny Cowbirds neither ejected cowbird eggs nor deserted nests following parasitism. Some hosts also reacted more aggressively towards the parasite. The main host of Screaming Cowbird discriminated against non-mimetic chicks. Our results show that most hosts, regardless of the presumed evolutionary time of interaction with the parasite, have evolved some type of antiparasitic defense.

Keywords brood parasitism   cowbirds   egg rejection   Molothrus   nest defense  
Received 2012-12-16 Revised 2013-02-16 Online:  
DOI: 10.5122/cbirds.2013.0003
Corresponding Authors: Juan C. Reboreda
About author:

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35.Eivin ROSKAFT, Wei LIANG, Bard G. STOKKE.Avian brood parasitism — a growing research area in behavioral ecology[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(4): 243-244
36.Anton ANTONOV, Bard G. STOKKE, Frode FOSSOY, Wei LIANG, Arne MOKSNES, Eivin ROSKAFT, Canchao YANG, Anders P. MOLLER.Why do brood parasitic birds lay strong-shelled eggs?[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(4): 245-258
37.Anders P. MOLLER, Juan J. SOLER.A coevolutionary framework based on temporal and spatial ecology of host-parasite interactions: A missing link in studies of brood parasitism[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(4): 259-273
38.Spencer G. SEALY, Todd J. UNDERWOOD.Egg discrimination by hosts and obligate brood parasites: a historical perspective and new synthesis[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(4): 274-294
39.Zachary AIDALA, Nicola CHONG, Michael G. ANDERSON, Mark E. HAUBER.Predicted visual sensitivity for short-wavelength light in the brood parasitic cuckoos of New Zealand[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(4): 295-301
40. Jesús M. AVILéS, Deseada PAREJO.Intra-clutch variation in egg appearance assessed by human vision does not relate to rejection of parasite eggs in Iberian Azure-winged Magpies[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(4): 302-311
41. Jin-Won LEE, Piotr G. JABLONSKI.Egg color polymorphism and morph-ratio variation in Korean populations of the Vinous-throated Parrotbill[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(4): 312-319
42. Csaba MOSKAT, Fugo TAKASU, A. Roman MUNOZ, Hiroshi NAKAMURA, Miklós BAN, Zoltán BARTA.Cuckoo parasitism on two closely-related Acrocephalus warblers in distant areas: a case of parallel coevolution?[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(4): 320-329
43. Peter SAMAS, Lenka POLACIKOVA, Mark E. HAUBER, Phillip CASSEY, Tomas GRIM.Egg rejection behavior and clutch characteristics of the European Greenfinch introduced to New Zealand[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(4): 330-338
44. Eivin ROSKAFT, Bard G. STOKKE, Frode FOSSOY, Arne MOKSNES.In memorial ― Anton Antonov (1977–2012)[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(4): 339-340
45..Acknowledgments to Reviewers[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(4): 0-0
46..Types of egg morphs of Common Cuckoos (Cuculus canorus) and their two closely-related Acrocephalus hosts from Hungary (host: Great Reed Warbler, A. arundinaceus) and Japan (host: Oriental Reed Warbler, A. orientalis)[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(4): 0-0
47. Liying SU, Hongfei ZOU.Status, threats and conservation needs for the continental population of the Red-crowned Crane[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(3): 147-164
48. Hongxing JIANG, Fawen QIAN, Chunyue LIU, Xiaoming LI, Yunqiu HOU, Guogang ZHANG, Ming DAI, Dongping LIU.Impact of marsh changes on breeding cranes in Sanjiang Plain, northeastern China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(3): 165-179
49. Fengshan LI, Jiandong WU, James HARRIS, James BURNHAM.Number and distribution of cranes wintering at Poyang Lake, China during 2011–2012[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(3): 180-190
50. Mary A. BISHOP, Drolma TSAMCHU, Fengshan LI.Number and distribution of Black-necked Cranes wintering in Zhigatse Prefecture, Tibet[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(3): 191-198
51. Tong ZHANG, Ming MA, Peng DING, Feng XU, Paul J. BUZZARD.Status and behavior of the Black-necked Crane (Grus nigricollis) in the Altun Mountain Reserve, Xinjiang[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(3): 199-205
52. Jinming LUO, Yongjie WANG, Fan YANG, Zhijun LIU.Effects of human disturbance on the Hooded Crane (Grus monacha) at stopover sites in northeastern China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(3): 206-216
53. Fawen QIAN, Hongxing JIANG, Guohai YU, Youzhong YU, Jun YANG, Siliang PANG, Renzu PIAO.Survey of breeding populations of the Red-Crowned Crane (Grus japonensis) in the Songnen Plain, northeastern China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(3): 217-224
54. Yuxiang LI, Changzhan SONG, Yucheng YANG, Xiaojing LI, Fengli LI, Jie HUANG, Xiuli HUANG.Monitoring population dynamics of the migratory Red-crowned Crane (Grus japonensis) at Shuangtaihekou National Nature Reserve, northeastern China, from 1991 to 2012[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(3): 225-229
55. Oleg A. GOROSHKO.Red-crowned Cranes on the Russian-Chinese Argun River and neighboring parts of the Daurian steppes[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(3): 230-237
56. Hong GUO, Ming MA.The Egyptian Vulture (Neophron percnopterus): record of a new bird in China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(3): 238-239
57. Jingjing LI, Hongfeng CAO, Kun JIN, Lianxian HAN, Huijian HU.A new record of Picidae in China: the Brown-fronted Woodpecker (Dendrocopos auriceps)[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(3): 240-241
58..Red-crowned Crane (Grus japonensis)[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(3): 0-
59..Tibetan Eared-pheasant (Crossoptilon harmani)[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(2): 0-
60. Lili ZHANG, Lizhi ZHOU, Yanli DAI.Genetic structure of wintering Hooded Cranes (Grus monacha) based on mitochondrial DNA D-loop sequences[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(2): 71-81
61. Weiwei ZHANG, Jianzhang MA.Use of display platforms of Common Coots (Fulica atra) compared with the use of nests during breeding seasons[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(2): 82-90
62. Iftikhar HUSSAIN, Asmat-un-NISA , Sangum KHALIL.Population biology of the Grey Francolin (Francolinus pondicerianus) in an agro-ecosystem of the Pothwar Plateau, Pakistan[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(2): 91-102
63. Langyu GU, Yang LIU, Ning WANG, Zhengwang ZHANG.A panel of polymorphic microsatellites in the Blue Eared Pheasant (Crossoptilon auritum) developed by cross-species amplification[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(2): 103-107
64. Canchao YANG, Yan CAI, Wei LIANG.Species identification of sympatric cuckoo nestlings in a multiple-cuckoo system, China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(2): 108-112
65. Xin LU.Summer-autumn habitat use by Galliformes in a primary forest, southeastern Tibet[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(2): 113-117
66. Shuihua CHEN, Qin HUANG, Zhongyong FAN, Cangsong CHEN, Yiwei LU.The update of Zhejiang bird checklist[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(2): 118-136
67. Abebe Kokiso.Avian diversity in hedgerows, preference to hedgerow types and their conservation at Angacha (Kembatta), central Ethiopia[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(2): 137-142
68. Aiwu JIANG, Zhiying CHENG, Xiantang LIANG.Discovery of Hume’s Pheasant (Syrmaticus humiae) in Guizhou Province, southwestern China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(2): 143-146
69. Xiaofeng LIU, Nikita CHERNETSOV.Avian orientation: multi-cue integration and calibration of compass systems[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(1): 1-8
70. Canchao YANG, Wei LIANG, Anton ANTONOV, Yan CAI, B?rd G. STOKKE, Frode FOSS?Y, Arne MOKSNES, Eivin R?SKAFT.Diversity of parasitic cuckoos and their hosts in China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(1): 9-32
71. Nan WANG, Guangmei ZHENG, Philip J.K. McGowan.Pheasants in sacred and other forests in western Sichuan: their cultural conservation[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(1): 33-46
72. Johann H. VAN NIEKERK.Observations on movements of Double-banded Sandgrouse (Pterocles bicinctus) in Borakalalo National Park, North West province, South Africa[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(1): 47-53
73. Borhan MANSOURI, Ebrahim HOSHYARI.Nickel concentration in two bird species from Hara Biosphere Reserve of southern Iran[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(1): 54-59
74. Yongzhi ZHU, Nan Lü, Peter PECHACEK, Jinlin LI, Yue-Hua SUN.Foraging behavior of the Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker subspecies Picoides tridactylus funebris in southern Gansu, China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(1): 60-66
75. Zhi LIN, Fenqi HE.Three Australian leg-flagged Roseate Terns found at Caiyu Archipelago of SE Fujian, China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(1): 67-70
76..Asian Emerald Cuckoo (Chrysococcyx maculatus)[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(1): 0-
77.Fenqi HE 1, Xiaojun YANG 2, Xuejian DENG 3, Kaiming ZHU 4, Li LI 4, Jiansheng LIN 5, Hangdong JIANG 6, Lin ZHI 6.The White-eared Night Heron (Gorsachius magnificus): from behind the bamboo curtain to the front stage[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(4): 163-166
78.Fengshan LI 1, Mary Anne Bishop 1, Tsamchu Drolma 2.Power line strikes by Black-necked Cranes and Bar-headed Geese in Tibet Autonomous Region[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(4): 167-173
79.Wondimagegnehu TEKALIGN 1, Afework BEKELE 2.Status of and threats to the Black-winged Lovebird (Agapornis taranta) in Entoto Natural Park and Bole Sub-City, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(4): 174-182
80.V. GOKULA.An ethogram of Spot-billed Pelican (Pelecanus philippensis)[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(4): 183-192
81.Ramachandran SANTHANAKRISHNAN, Abdul Hameed MOHAMED SAMSOOR ALI, Uthirapathi ANBARASAN.Food habits and prey spectrum of Spotted Owlet (Athene brama) in Madurai District, Tamil Nadu, southern India[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(4): 193-199
82.Yiqun WU 1, Naifa LIU 2.Blue-eared Pheasant: a forest bird endemic to China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(4): 200-205
83.Yupin QIN 1, Fenqi HE 2.Latest evidence of the existence of the northern flock of the Chinese Crested Tern (Sterna bernsteini)[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(4): 206-207
84. Johann H. VAN Niekerk.Observations of Red-billed Spurfowl (Pternistis adspersus) in the arid Molopo Nature Reserve, North West Province, South Africa[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(3): 117-124
85.Jianqiang LI, Yanyun ZHANG, Zhengwang ZHANG.High frequency components in avian vocalizations[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(3): 125-131
86.Canwei XIA, Rong HUANG, Changchun WEI, Pinwen NIE, Yanyun ZHANG.Individual identification on the basis of the songs of the Asian Stubtail (Urosphena squameiceps)  [J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(3): 132-139
87. Mariya V. SIVAY, Nikita Y. SILKO, Kirill A. SHARSHOV, Aleksander V. PROKUDIN, Laixing LI, Min YANG, Sheng CAO, Aleksander M. SHESTOPALOV .The role of wild goose (Anser) populations of Russia and the Tibet Plateau in the spread of the avian influenza virus[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(3): 140-146
88.Zhongqiu LI.Suitable distance to observe Red-crowned Cranes: a note on the observer effect[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(3): 147-151
89.Lin CHEN, Fenqi HE.Are they hybrids of Sterna bergii × Sterna bernsteini?[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(3): 152-156
90.Xiaochun MA, Junfeng GUO, Xiaoping YU.Himalayan Monal (Lophophorus impejanus): distribution, habitat and population status in Tibet, China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(3): 157-162
91. Lu DONG, Wenhui NIU, Zhenting ZHOU, Yu-Cheng HSU, Yue SUN, Huw LLOYD, Yanyun ZHANG.Assessing the genetic integrity of captive and wild populations for reintroduction programs: the case of Cabot’s Tragopan in China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(2): 65-71
92.Fangjun LIN, Pingping JIANG, Ping DING.Genetic evidence for male-biased dispersal in Elliot’s Pheasant (Syrmaticus ellioti) in China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(2): 72-78
93. Lubna ALI, Noor-un-nisa , Syed Shahid SHAUKAT, Rafia Rehana GHAZI.Sex and age classes of prey items (rats/mice) in the diet of the Barn Owl (Tyto alba) in Sindh, Pakistan[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(2): 79-86
94.Kazuto KAWAKAMI, Masaki FUJITA, Motohiro HASEGAWA, Hiroshi MAKIHARA.Dietary characteristics of the Malayan Night Heron (Gorsachius melanolophus) in the Yaeyama Islands, southern Japan[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(2): 87-93
95.Yu JING, Nan Lü, Yun FANG, Yue-Hua SUN.Home range, population density, and habitat utilization of the Sichuan Jay (Perisoreus internigrans)[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(2): 94-100
96.V.Gokula.Breeding biology of the Spot-billed Pelican (Pelecanus philippensis) in Karaivetti Bird Sanctuary, Tamil Nadu, India[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(2): 101-108
97.Ji?í Mlíkovsky.Correct name for the Asian Russet Sparrow[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(2): 109-110
98.Wei LIANG, Zhengwang ZHANG.Hainan Peacock Pheasant (Polyplectron katsumatae): an endangered and rare tropical forest bird[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(2): 111-116
99.Lei CAO, Mark BARTER, Meijuan ZHAO, Haoxian MENG, Yong ZHANG.A systematic scheme for monitoring waterbird populations at Shengjin Lake, China: methodology and preliminary results[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(1): 1-17
100. Shuo WANG, Ying HU, Lu WANG.New ratite eggshell material from the Miocene of Inner Mongolia, China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(1): 18-26
101.Xuan ZHANG, Ning HUA, Qiang MA, Wenjie XUE, Xuesong FENG, Wei WU, Chendong TANG, Zhijun MA.Diet of Great Knots (Calidris tenuirostris) during spring stopover at Chongming Dongtan, China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(1): 27-32
102.Yun HUANG, Lizhi ZHOU .Screening and application of microsatellite markers for genetic diversity analysis of Oriental White Stork (Ciconia boyciana)[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(1): 33-38
103. Zhongyong FAN, Cangsong CHEN, Shuihua CHEN, Simba CHAN, Yiwei LU.Breeding seabirds along the Zhejiang coast: diversity, distribution and conservation[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(1): 39-45
104. Xiaojing LI, Yang SHI, Jiliang XU, Weidong BAO.Wintering ecology of the Black Stork (Ciconia nigra) in Beijing[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(1): 46-52
105. Jiliang XU, Zhengwang ZHANG .Home range and habitat composition of male Reeves's Pheasants in an agricultural-forest plantation landscape in central China: a preliminary report[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(1): 53-58
106. Ming MA.Status of the Xinjiang Ground Jay: population, breeding ecology and conservation[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(1): 59-62
107. Haitao WANG, Yunlei JIANG, Wei GAO.Jankowski's Bunting (Emberiza jankowskii): current status and conservation[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(1): 63-63
108.Aiwu JIANG 1,*, Yuxin NING 2.A new distribution site of the Asian Open-billed Stork (Anastomus oscitans) in southwestern China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(4): 259-260
109. Fasheng ZOU 1,2,*, Guizhu CHEN 2, Qiongfang YANG 1.Impacts of bird abundance, activity height and light intensity on the number of birds captured by mist netting[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(4): 221-229
110. Junhua HU 1,2,3, Zhigang JIANG 2, Daode YANG 4, Huijian HU 3,*.Nest-site selection by Purple Swamphen in Haifeng, China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(4): 230-235
111. Wei ZHOU 1,*, Ning LI 1, Zhongjian DENG 1, Qing ZHANG 1, Minghui LI 1, Xuerong WANG 2.Modeling foraging habitats of Hume's Pheasant (Syrmaticus humiae) in Dazhong Mountain, Yunnan, southwestern China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(4): 236-243
112. Farzana PERVEEN*, Hafeez Ullah KHAN.Pressure from hunting on crane species in southern districts of northern Pakistan[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(4): 244-250
113. Haitao Wang 1, Yunlei Jiang 1,2, Wei Gao 1,*.Jankowski’s Bunting (Emberiza jankowskii): current status and conservation[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(4): 251-258
114.Xin LEI 1,2, Zuohua YIN 1, Zhenmin LIAN 2, Cungen CHEN 3, Chuanyin DAI 1, Anton KRISTIN 4, Fumin LEI.Phylogenetic relationships of some Sylviidae species based on complete mtDNA cyt b and partial COI sequence data[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(3): 175-187
115.Kuo-Lang CHANG 1, Liang CHEN 2, Jinyu LEI 3,*.Two new bird records for China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(3): 211-214
116.Yue-Hua SUN *, Yun FANG.Chinese Grouse (Bonasa sewerzowi): its natural history, behavior and conservation[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(3): 215-220
117.Xin LU*, Dianhua KE, Xiaoyan MA, Guohong GONG, Tonglei YU.Nesting records of 20 bird species in Lhasa region, Tibet[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(3): 167-174
118.Shuping ZHANG 1,*, Guangmei ZHENG 2.Effect of urbanization on the abundance and distribution of Tree Sparrows (Passer montanus) in Beijing[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(3): 188-197
119.Wei LIANG 1, J. Y. P. WONG 2, L. C. WONG 2*, C. L. FUNG 2, Zhumei LI 3.Ardeid nesting colonies in central Guizhou, southwestern China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(3): 198-203
120.Guogang ZHANG 1, Wei LIANG 2,*, Dongping LIU 1, Fawen QIAN 1, Yunqiu HOU 1, Wenba SU 3, Kilburn MIKE.Species abundance and conservation of coastal wintering waterbirds in Hainan Island, China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(3): 204-210
121.Dongsheng LI 1,2, Corwin SULLIVAN 1, Zhonghe ZHOU 1, Fucheng ZHANG 1,*.Basal birds from China: a brief review[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(2): 83-96
122.Anders Pape MOLLER 1,2,*, Johannes ERRITZOE 3, Jan Tottrup NIELSEN 4.Causes of interspecific variation in susceptibility to cat preda­tion on birds [J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(2): 97-111
123.Chuanyin DAI 1,2, Kai CHEN 1,3, Ruiying ZHANG 1,2, Xiaojun YANG 4, Zuohua YIN 1, Hengjiu TIAN 5, Zhi.Molecular phylogenetic analysis among species of Paridae, Remizidae and Aegithalos based on mtDNA sequences of COI and cyt b [J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(2): 112-123
124.Wenzhen FANG*, Xiaolin CHEN, Qingxian LIN, Xiaoping ZHOU.Effect of colonial breeding of Chinese Egret (Egretta eulophotes) on the heavy metal accumulation in heronry soil[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(2): 124-131
125.Ning LI 1, Wei ZHOU 1,*, Wei LI 1, Qing ZHANG 1, Xuerong WANG 2.Comparison of roosting habitat characteristics of two sympatric pheasants during springtime at Dazhong
Mountain, southwestern China
[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(2): 132-140
126.Juan C. ALONSO *, Carlos PALACíN.The world status and population trends of the Great Bustard (Otis tarda): 2010 update[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(2): 141-147
127.Peiqi LIU 1,*, Feng LI 2, Huidong SONG 2, Qiang WANG 2, Yuwen SONG 3, Yusen LIU 3, Zhengji PIAO 4.A survey to the distribution of the Scaly-sided Merganser (Mergus squamatus) in Changbai Mountain range (China side) [J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(2): 148-155
128.Changqing DING.Crested Ibis[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(2): 156-162
129.Hangdong JIANG 1, Lin CHEN 2, Fenqi HE 3,*.Preliminary assessment on the current knowledge of the Chinese Crested Tern (Sterna bernsteini)[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(2): 163-166
130.J. H. VAN NIEKERK.Social organization of a flock of Helmeted Guineafowl (Numida meleagris) at the Krugersdorp Game Reserve, South Africa[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(1): 22-29
131.Michele PANUCCIO 1,2, Nicolantonio AGOSTINI 1,2,*.Comparison of the water-crossing behavior of Western Marsh Harriers (Circus aeruginosus) and European Honey Buzzards (Pernis apivorus) during autumn migration[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(1): 30-35
132.Hui WU, Haitao WANG, Yunlei JIANG, Fumin LEI, Wei GAO.Offspring sex ratio in Eurasian Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus) with reversed sexual size dimorphism[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(1): 36-44
133.Peng LI, Ping DING, Kenneth J. FEELEY, Jingcheng ZHANG, Pingping JIANG.Patterns of species diversity and functional diversity of breeding birds in Hangzhou across an urbanization gradient[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(1): 1-8
134.Baohua WU, Tao LI, Xiaoping YU.Winter diet and digestive tract of the Golden Pheasant (Chrysolophus pictus) in the Qinling Mountains, China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(1): 45-50
135.Manman CAO, Naifa LIU, Xiaoli WANG, Mengmeng GUAN.Genetic diversity and genetic structure of the Daurian Partridge (Perdix dauuricae) in China, assessed by microsatellite variation[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(1): 51-64
136.Ning WANG, Jianqiang LI, Yingying LIU, Zhengwang ZHANG .Improvement on molecular sex identification primers for Passeriform bird species[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(1): 65-69
137. Johannes KAMP, Maxim A. KOSHKIN, Robert D. SHELDON.Historic breeding of Sociable Lapwing (Vanellus gregarius) in Xinjiang[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(1): 70-73
138. Zuhao HUANG, Xinjun LIAO.Cross-species amplification and characterization of microsatellite DNA loci from Gallus gallus in Bambusicola thoracica[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(1): 74-76
139.Sellamuthu SOMASUNDARAM, Lalitha VIJAYAN.Foraging ecology of the globally threatened Nilgiri Wood Pigeon (Columba elphinstonii) in the Western Ghats, India[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(1): 9-21
140.Yanyun ZHANG .Cabot’s Tragopan[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(1): 77-79
141.Fenqi HE, Yongqi REN, Xiufang BAI.Preview of the No. 1148 Ramsar Site on the Ordos upland of western Inner Mongolia[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(1): 80-81

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