Chinese Birds
Chinese Birds 2013, 4(1) 15-30 DOI:   10.5122/cbirds.2013.0009  ISSN: 1674-7674 CN: 11-5870/Q

Current Issue | Archive | Search                                                            [Print]   [Close]

Information and Service
This Article
Supporting info
Service and feedback
Email this article to a colleague
Add to Bookshelf
Add to Citation Manager
Cite This Article
Email Alert
Brown-headed Cowbird
cowbird control
endangered species
host tolerant
Molothrus ater
nestling eviction
Brian D. PEER
Article by Brian D. PEER
Article by James W. RIVERS
Article by Stephen I. ROTHSTEIN

Cowbirds, conservation, and coevolution: potential misconceptions and directions for future research

Brian D. PEER 1,*, James W. RIVERS 2, Stephen I. ROTHSTEIN 3

1 Department of Biological Sciences, Western Illinois University, Macomb, IL 61455, USA 2 Department of Forest Ecosystems and Society, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331, USA 3 Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Marine Biology, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106, USA


Avian brood parasitism is a model system for studies of coevolution and ecological interactions between parasites and their hosts. However, recent work may have led to misconceptions concerning the Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater), the most widely studied brood parasitic bird in the world, and its effects on host species. Potential misconceptions about this species that could affect management issues are as follows: cowbird populations are increasing; cowbirds are relatively new to North America; recently exposed hosts are defenseless against parasitism; cowbirds have caused widespread declines of songbirds; and cowbird control is always effective in increasing the size of endangered host populations. Potential coevolutionary misconceptions are that cowbirds are typically “host tolerant”; cowbirds evict host nestmates; and the mafia effect is widespread. It is important to clarify these issues because such misconceptions could hinder our understanding of parasite-host interactions, and thus obscure the direction of basic research and of management efforts taken to limit cowbird impacts on endangered species. We discuss these issues and suggest future research directions to enhance our understanding of this fascinating species.

Keywords Brown-headed Cowbird   coevolution   cowbird control   endangered species   host tolerant   mafia   Molothrus ater   nestling eviction  
Received 2013-02-24 Revised 2013-03-20 Online:  
DOI: 10.5122/cbirds.2013.0009
Corresponding Authors: Brian D. Peer
About author:

Alvarez F, Arias de Reyna L, Segura M. 1976. Experimental brood parasitism of the Magpie (Pica pica). Anim Behav, 24:907–916.

Arcese P, Smith JNM, Hatch MI. 1996. Nest predation by cowbirds and its consequences for passerine demography. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 93:4608–4611.

Askins RA. 2000. Restoring North America’s Birds: Lessons from Landscape Ecology. Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut.

Belles-Isles JC, Picman J. 1986. Destruction of heterospecific eggs by the Gray Catbirds. Wilson Bull, 98:603–605.

Berger AJ. 1951. The cowbird and certain host species in Michigan. Wilson Bull, 63:26–34.

Blackwell BF, Huszar E, Linz GM, Dolbeer RA. 2003. Lethal control of Red-winged Blackbirds to manage damage to sunflower: an economic evaluation. J Wildl Manage, 67:818–828.

Bollinger EK, Peer BD, Jansen RW. 1997. Status of Neotropical migrants in three forest fragments in Illinois. Wilson Bull, 109:521–526.

Brewer AE. 1995. Cowbird warning. Br Birds, 88:157.

Briskie JV, Sealy SG, Hobson KA. 1992. Behavioral defenses against avian brood parasitism in sympatric and allopatric host populations. Evolution, 46:334–340.

Brittingham MC, Temple SA. 1983. Have cowbirds caused forest songbirds to decline? BioScience, 33:31–35.

Broom M, Ruxton GD, Kilner RM. 2008. Host life-history strategies and the evolution of nestling-killing by brood parasitic offspring. Behav Ecol, 19:22–34.

Chace JF, Cruz A, Marvil RE. 2000. Reproductive interactions between Brown-headed Cowbirds and Plumbeous Vireos in Colorado. In: Smith JNM, Cook TL, Rothstein SI, Robinson SK, Sealy SG (eds) Ecology and Management of Cowbirds and their Hosts: Studies in the Conservation of North American Passerine Birds. University of Texas Press, Austin, pp 128–134.

Cimprich DA, Comolli K. 2010. Monitoring of the Black-capped Vireo during 2010 on Fort Hood, Texas. In: Endangered Species Monitoring and Management at Fort Hood, Texas: 2010 Annual Report. The Nature Conservancy, Fort Hood Project, Fort Hood, Texas, USA.

Cimprich DA, Heimbuch M. 2011. Monitoring of the Black-capped Vireo during 2011 on Fort Hood, Texas. In: Endangered Species Monitoring and Management at Fort Hood, Texas: 2011 Annual Report. Fort Hood Natural and Cultural Resources Management Branch, Fort Hood, Texas, USA.

Cimprich DA, Moore FR. 1995. Gray Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis). In: Poole A, Gill F (eds) The Birds of North America, No. 167. Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia.

Davis SK, Sealy SG. 2000. Cowbird parasitism and nest predation in fragmented grasslands of southwestern Manitoba. In: Smith JNM, Cook TL, Rothstein SI, Robinson SK, Sealy SG (eds) Ecology and Management of Cowbirds and their Hosts: Studies in the Conservation of North American Passerine Birds. University of Texas Press, Austin, pp 210–219.

Davis SK. 2003. Nesting ecology of mixed-grass prairie songbirds in southern Saskatchewan. Wilson Bull, 115:119–130.

Dawkins R. 1976. The Selfish Gene. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Dawson WL. 1923. The Birds of California: A Complete and Popular Account of the 580 Species and Subspecies of Birds Found in the State. South Moulton Company, San Diego.

Dearborn DC. 1996. Video documentation of a Brown-headed Cowbird nestling ejecting an Indigo Bunting from the nest. Condor, 98:645–649.

DeCapita ME. 2000. Brown-headed Cowbird control on Kirtland’s Warbler nesting areas in Michigan, 1972–1995. In: Smith JNM, Cook TL, Rothstein SI, Robinson SK, Sealy SG (eds) Ecology and Management of Cowbirds and their Hosts: Studies in the Conservation of North American Passerine Birds. University of Texas Press, Austin, pp 333–341.

Du Bois AD. 1956. A cowbird incident. Auk, 73:286.

Dubina KM, Peer BD. 2013. Egg pecking and discrimination by female and male Brown-headed Cowbirds. J Ornithol, 154:553–557.

Elliott PF. 1999. Killing of host nestlings by the Brown-headed Cowbird. J Field Ornithol, 70: 55–57.

Fauth PT, Cabe PR. 2005. Reproductive success of Acadian Flycatchers in the Blue Ridge Mountains of Virginia. J Field Ornithol, 76:150–157.

Fiorini VD, Tuero DT, Reboreda JC. 2009. Shiny Cowbirds synchronize parasitism with host laying and puncture host eggs according to host characteristics. Anim Behav, 77:561–568.

Friedmann H. 1963. Host relations of the parasitic cowbirds. U.S. National Mus Bull No. 233. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

Gill SA, Sealy SG. 2004. Functional reference in an alarm signal given during nest deference: seet calls of Yellow Warblers denote brood-parasitic Brown-headed Cowbirds. Behav Ecol  Sociobiol, 56:71–80.

Goguen CB, Curson DR. 2002. Cassin’s Vireo (Vireo cassinii). In: Poole A (ed) The Birds of North America Online. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca; Retrieved from the Birds of North America.

Goguen CB, Curson DR. 2012. Plumbeous Vireo (Vireo plumbeus). In: Poole A (ed) The Birds of North America Online. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca; Retrieved from the Birds of North America.

Goldwasser S, Gaines D, Wilbur S. 1980. The Least Bell’s Vireo in California: a de facto endangered race. Am Birds, 34:742–745.

Granfors DA, Pietz PJ, Joyal LA. 2001. Frequency of egg and nestling destruction by female Brown-headed Cowbirds in grassland nests. Auk, 118:765–769.

Grim T. 2006. Low virulence of brood parasitic chicks: adaptation or constraint? Ornithol Sci, 5:237–242.

Grzybowski JA. 1995. Black-capped Vireo (Vireo atricapilla). In: Poole A (ed) The Birds of North America Online. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca; Retrieved from the Birds of North America.

Haney JC, Lee DS, Walsh-McGehee M. 1998. A quantitative analysis of winter distribution and habitats of Kirtland’s Warblers in the Bahamas. Condor, 100:201–217.

Hauber ME. 2003. Hatching asynchrony, nestling competition, and the cost of interspecific brood parasitism. Behav Ecol, 2:227–235.

Hayden TJ, Tazik DJ, Melton RH, Cornelius JD. 2000. Cowbird control program at Fort Hood, Texas: lessons for mitigation of cowbird parasitism on a landscape scale. In: Smith JNM, Cook TL, Rothstein SI, Robinson SK, Sealy SG (eds) Ecology and Management of Cowbirds and their Hosts: Studies in the Conservation of North American Passerine Birds. University of Texas Press, Austin, pp 357–370.

Hill RA. 1976. Host-parasite relationships of the Brown-headed Cowbird in a prairie habitat of west-central Kansas. Wilson Bull, 88:555–565.

Hoover JP, Robinson SK. 2007. Retaliatory mafia behavior by a parasitic cowbird favors host acceptance of parasitic eggs.  Proc Nat Acad Sci USA, 104:4479–4483.

Hopp S, Kirby A, Boone CA. 1995. White-eyed Vireo (Vireo griseus). In: Poole A (ed) The Birds of North America Online. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca; Retrieved from the Birds of North America.

Hosoi SA, Rothstein SI. 2000. Nest desertion and cowbird parasitism: evidence for evolved responses and evolutionary lag. Anim Behav, 59:823–840.

James RD. 1998. Blue-headed Vireo (Vireo solitarius). In: Poole A (ed) The Birds of North America Online. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca; Retrieved from the Birds of North America.

Johnsgard PA. 1997. The Avian Brood Parasites. Deception at the Nest. Oxford University Press, New York.

Kershner EL, Bollinger EK, Helton MN. 2001. Nest-site selection and renesting in the Blue-gray Gnatcatcher (Polioptila caerulea). Am Midl Nat, 146:404–413.

Kilner RM, Madden JR, Hauber ME. 2004. Brood parasitic cowbirds use host young to procure food. Science, 305:877–879.

Kilner RM. 2005. The evolution of virulence in brood parasites. Ornithol Sci, 4:55–64.

Kostecke RM, Cimprich DA, Summers SG. 2010. Partial cessation of cowbird management at Fort Hood, Texas: year five. In: Endangered Species Monitoring and Management at Fort Hood, Texas: 2010 Annual Report. The Nature Conservancy, Fort Hood Project, Fort Hood, Texas, USA.

Kus B. 1999. Impacts of Brown-headed Cowbird parasitism on productivity of the endangered Least Bell’s Vireo. Stud Avian Biol, 18:160–166.

Laymon SA. 1987. Brown-headed Cowbirds in California: historical perspectives and management opportunities in riparian habitats. Western Birds, 18:63–70.

Lorenzana JC, Sealy SG. 1999. A meta-analysis of the impact of parasitism by the Brown-headed Cowbird on its hosts. Stud Avian Biol, 18:241–253.

Lowther PE. 2012. Lists of victims and hosts of the parasitic cowbirds (Molothrus). Field Museum version 11 Oct 2012. Accessed 25 January 2013.

Lowther PE. 1993. Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater). In: Poole A (ed) The Birds of North America Online. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca; Retrieved from the Birds of North America.

Mann CC. 2005. 1491: New Revelations of the Americas before Columbus. Vintage Books, New York.

Mayfield HF. 1965. The Brown-headed Cowbird, with old and new hosts. Living Bird, 4:13–28.

Mayfield HF. 1977. Brown-headed Cowbird: agent of extermination. Am Birds, 31:107–113.

Mayfield HF. 1992. Kirtland’s Warbler (Setophaga kirtlandii). In: Poole A (ed) The Birds of North America. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca; Retrieved from the Birds of North America.

McLaren CM, Sealy SG. 2000. Are nest predation and brood parasitism correlated in Yellow Warblers? A test of the cowbird predation hypothesis. Auk, 117:1056–1060.

Morrison ML, Hall LS, Robinson SK, Rothstein SI, Hahn DC, Rich TD (eds). 1999. Research and management of the Brown-headed Cowbird in western landscapes. Stud Avian Biol, no. 18.

Nakamura TK, Cruz A. 2000. The ecology of egg-puncture behavior by the Shiny Cowbird in southwestern Puerto Rico. In: Smith JNM, Cook TL, Rothstein SI, Robinson SK, Sealy SG (eds) Ecology and Management of Cowbirds and their Hosts: Studies in the Conservation of North American Passerine Birds. University of Texas Press, Austin, pp 178–186.

Newton I. 1998. Population Limitation in Birds. Academic Press, New York.

Oppel SH, Schaefer M, Schmidt V, Schroder B. 2004. Cowbird parasitism of Pale-headed Brush-finch Atlapetes pallidiceps: implications for conservation and management. Bird Conserv Int, 14:63–75.

Ortega CP, Chace JF, Peer BD. 2005. Management of cowbirds and their hosts: balancing science, ethics, and mandates. Ornithol Monogr, 57:1–114.

Payne RB, Payne LL. 1998a. Nestling eviction and vocal begging behaviors in the Australian Glossy Cuckoos Chrysococcyx basalis and C. lucidus. In: Rothstein SI, Robinson SK (eds) Parasitic Birds and their Hosts: Studies in Coevolution Oxford University Press, New York, pp 152–169.

Payne RB, Payne LL. 1998b. Brood parasitism by cowbirds: risks and effects on reproductive success and survival in Indigo Buntings. Behav Ecol, 9:64–73.

Payne RB. 2005. The Cuckoos. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Pearson TG, Burroughs J. 1917. Birds of America. Nature Lover’s Library. University Society Inc., New York.

Peer BD, Bollinger EK. 1997. Explanations for the infrequent cowbird parasitism on Common Grackles. Condor, 99:151–161.

Peer BD, Bollinger EK. 2000. Why do female Brown-headed Cowbirds remove host eggs?  A test of the incubation efficiency hypothesis. In: Smith JNM, Cook TL, Rothstein SI, Robinson SK, Sealy SG (eds) Ecology and Management of Cowbirds and their Hosts: Studies in the Conservation of North American Passerine Birds. University of Texas Press, Austin, pp 187–192.

Peer BD, Homan HJ, Linz GM. 2003. Impact of blackbird damage to sunflower: bioenergetic and economic models. Ecol Appl, 13:248–256.

Peer BD, Kuehn MJ, Rothstein SI, Fleischer RC. 2011a. Persistence of host defence behaviour in the absence of brood parasitism. Biol Lett, 7:670–673.

Peer BD, McIntosh CE, Kuehn MJ, Rothstein SI, Fleischer RC. 2011b. Complex biogeographic history of shrikes and its implications for the evolution of defenses against avian brood parasitism. Condor, 113:385–394.

Peer BD, Rothstein SI, Delaney KS, Fleischer RC. 2007. Defence behaviour against brood parasitism is deeply rooted in mainland and Island scrub-jays. Anim Behav, 73:55–63.

Peer BD, Sealy SG. 1999. Parasitism and egg puncture behavior by Bronzed and Brown-headed cowbirds in sympatry. Stud Avian Biol, 18:235–240.

Peer BD, Sealy SG. 2004a. Fate of grackle (Quiscalus spp.) defenses in the absence of brood parasitism: implications for long-term parasite-host coevolution. Auk, 121:1172–1186.

Peer BD, Sealy SG. 2004b. Correlates of egg rejection in hosts of the Brown-headed Cowbird.  Condor, 106:580–599.

Phillips RS. 1951. Nest location, cowbird parasitism, and nesting success of the Indigo Bunting. Wilson Bull, 63:206–207. 

Pielou EC. 1991. After the Ice Age: The Return of Life to Glaciated North America. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois.

Pyne SJ. 1997. Fire in America: A Cultural History of Wildland and Rural Fire. University of Washington Press, Seattle.

Rasmussen JL, Sealy SG. 2006. Hosts feeding only Brown-headed Cowbird fledglings: where are the host fledglings? J Field Ornithol, 77:269–279.

Reed JM. 1999. The role of behavior in recent avian extinctions and endangerments. Conserv Biol, 13:232–241.

Robinson SK, Rothstein SI, Peer BD. 2013. Nest parasitism. In:Levin S (ed). Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, 2nd ed. Elsevier, New York.

Robinson SK, Thompson III FR, Donovan TM, Whitehead DR, Faaborg J. 1995. Regional forest fragmentation and the nesting success of migratory birds. Science, 267:1987–1990.

Robinson SK. 1992. Population dynamics of breeding Neotropical migrants in a fragmented Illinois landscape. In: Hagan III JM, Johnston DW (eds) Ecology and Conservation of Neotropical Migrant Landbirds. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C., pp 455–471.

Rodewald PG, James RD. 2011. Yellow-throated Vireo (Vireo flavifrons). In: Poole A (ed) The Birds of North America Online. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca; Retrieved from the Birds of North America.

Rothstein SI, Kus BE, Whitfield MJ, Sferra SJ. 2003. Recommendations for cowbird management in recovery efforts for the Southwestern Willow Flycatcher. Stud Avian Biol, 26:157–167.

Rothstein SI, Patten M, Fleischer RC. 2002. Phylogeny, specialization, and brood parasite–host coevolution: some possible pitfalls of parsimony. Behav Ecol, 13:1–10.

Rothstein SI, Peer BD. 2005. Conservation solutions for threatened and endangered cowbird (Molothrus spp.) hosts: separating fact from fiction. Ornithol Monogr, 57:98–114.

Rothstein SI, Robinson SK. 1998. Parasitic Birds and Their Hosts. Studies in Coevolution. Oxford University Press, New York.

Rothstein SI, Verner J, Stevens E. 1984. Radio-tracking confirms a unique diurnal pattern of spatial occurrence in the parasitic Brown-headed Cowbird. Ecology, 65:77–88.

Rothstein SI. 1975. Evolutionary rates and host defenses against avian brood parasitism. Am Nat, 109:161–176.

Rothstein SI. 1994. The cowbird’s invasion of the far West: history, causes and consequences experienced by host species. Stud Avian Biol, 15:301–315.

Rothstein SI. 2001. Relic behaviours, coevolution and the retention versus loss of host defences after episodes of avian brood parasitism. Anim Behav, 61:95–107.

Sauer JR, Hines JE, Fallon JE, Pardieck KL, Ziolkowski Jr. DJ, Link WA. 2011. The North American Breeding Bird Survey, Results and Analysis 1966–2010. Version 12.07.2011. USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Laurel, Maryland.

Schram BA. 1994. An open solicitation for cowbird recipes. Birding, 26:254–257.

Sealy SG, McMaster DG, Peer BD. 2002. Tactics of obligate brood parasites to secure suitable incubators.  In: Deeming DC (ed) Avian Incubation: Behaviour, Environment, and Evolution, Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 254–269.

Sealy SG. 1992. Removal of Yellow Warbler eggs in association with cowbird parasitism. Condor, 94:40–54.

Sealy SG. 1994. Observed acts of egg destruction, egg removal, and predation on nests of passerine birds at Delta, Manitoba. Can Field-Natur, 108:41–51.

Smith JNM, Arcese P. 1994. Brown-headed Cowbirds and an island population of Song Sparrows: a 16 year study. Condor, 96:916–934.

Smith JNM, Cook TL, Rothstein SI, Robinson SK, Sealy SG. 2000. Ecology and Management of Cowbirds and Their Hosts: Studies in the Conservation of North American Passerine Birds. University of Texas Press, Austin.

Soler M, Soler JJ, Martinez JG, Møller AP. 1995. Magpie host manipulation by Great Spotted Cuckoos: evidence for an avian mafia? Evolution, 49:770–775.

Sorenson MD, Payne RB. 2001. A single, ancient origin of obligate brood parasitism in African finches: implications for host-parasite coevolution. Evolution, 55:2550–2567.

Spottiswoode CN, Stryjewski KF, Quader S, Colebrook-Robjent JFR, Sorenson MD. 2011. Ancient host specificity within a single species of brood parasitic bird. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 43:17738–17742.

Stewart RE. 1953. A life history study of the Yellowthroat. Wilson Bull, 65:99–115.

Stutchbury B. 1997. Effects of female cowbird removal on reproductive success of Hooded Warblers. Wilson Bull, 109:74–81.

Svensson EI, Råberg L. 2010. Resistance and tolerance in animal enemy – victim coevolution. Trends Ecol Evol, 25:267–274.

Sykes PW, Clench MH. 1998. Winter habitat of Kirtland’s Warbler: an endangered Nearctic/Neotropical migrant. Wilson Bull, 110:244–261.

Tarof S, Briskie JV. 2008. Least Flycatcher (Empidonax minimus). In: Poole A (ed) The Birds of North America Online. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca; Retrieved from the Birds of North America.

Terborgh J. 1989. Where Have All the Birds Gone? Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Thompson FR III, Dijak W, Burhans, DE. 1999. Video identification of predators at songbird nests in old fields. Auk, 116:259–264.

Twomey AC. 1945. The bird population of an elm-maple forest with special reference to aspection, territorialism, and coactions. Ecol Monogr, 15:173–205.

Underwood TJ, Sealy SG, McLaren CM. Experiments on egg discrimination in two North American corvids: further evidence for retention of egg ejection. Can J Zool, 82:1399–1407.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 2012b.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2002. Southwestern Willow Flycatcher Recovery Plan. Albuquerque, New Mexico. Appendices A-O

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2011.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2012a. Accessed 2 January 2012.

Walkinshaw LH. 1983. Kirtland’s Warbler: the Natural History of an Endangered Species. Cranbrook Institutes of Science, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan.

Ward D, Smith JNM. 2000. Interhabitat differences in parasitism frequencies by Brown-headed Cowbirds in the Okanagan Valley, British Columbia. In: Smith JNM, Cook TL, Rothstein SI, Robinson SK, Sealy SG (eds) Ecology and Management of Cowbirds and their Hosts: Studies in the Conservation of North American Passerine Birds. University of Texas Press, Austin, pp 210–219.

Whitehead DR, Taylor T. 2002. Acadian Flycatcher (Empidonax virescens). In: Poole A (ed) The Birds of North America Online. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca; Retrieved from the Birds of North America.

Whitfield MJ, Sogge MK. 1999. Range-wide impact of Brown-headed Cowbird parasitism on the Southwestern Willow Flycatcher (Empidonax traillii extimus). Stud Avian Biol, 18:182–190.

Whitfield MJ. 2000. Results of a Brown-headed Cowbird control program for the Southwestern Willow Flycatcher. In: Smith JNM, Cook TL, Rothstein SI, Robinson SK, Sealy SG (eds) Ecology and Management of Cowbirds and Their Hosts: Studies in the Conservation of North American Passerine Birds. University of Texas Press, Austin, pp 371–377.

Wiens JA, Goble DD, Scott JM. 2012. Birds: Time to accept conservation triage. Nature, 488:281.

Wilson AS, Marra P, Fleischer RC. 2012. Temporal patterns of genetic diversity in Kirtland’s Warblers (Dendroica kirtlandii), the rarest songbird in North America. BMC Ecol, 12:8.

Zahavi A. 1979. Parasitism and nest predation in parasitic cuckoos. Am Nat, 113:157–159.
Similar articles
1.Jorg HOFFMANN, Udo WITTCHEN, Ulrich STACHOW, Gert BERGER.Identification of habitat requirements of farmland birds based on a hierarchical structured monitoring scheme[J]. Chinese Birds, 2013,4(4): 265-280
2.Fengting ZHAO, Lizhi ZHOU, Wenbin XU.Habitat utilization and resource partitioning of wintering Hooded Cranes and three goose species at Shengjin Lake[J]. Chinese Birds, 2013,4(4): 281-290
3.Xiaolian SHU, Zhou LU, Gang YANG, Yuanjun MENG, Zhaotian LI, Fang ZHOU.Survey of the use by birds of various karst wetlands in southwestern Guangxi, southern China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2013,4(4): 291-305
4.Peter J. FULLAGAR, Michael J. DAWKINS, Clive D. T. MINTON.Biometrics and wing molt in White-winged Black Tern (Chlidonias leucopterus) in north-west Australia[J]. Chinese Birds, 2013,4(4): 306-313
5.Andrew CANTRELL, Lei LV, Yong WANG, Zhengwang ZHANG, Jianqiang LI.Ectoparasites and other invertebrates in the nests of the Hair-crested Drongo (Dicrurus hottentottus)[J]. Chinese Birds, 2013,4(4): 314-318
6.Cheng WEN, Dong HAN.Raptor migration monitoring in the spring of 2009 at Baiwangshan, Beijing[J]. Chinese Birds, 2013,4(4): 319-327
7.Chao LIU, Zhiping HUO, Xiaoping YU.Population and conservation status of the Himalayan Griffon (Gyps himalayensis) at the Drigung Thel Monastery, Tibet, China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2013,4(4): 328-331
8.James HARRIS, Claire MIRANDE.A global overview of cranes: status, threats and conservation priorities[J]. Chinese Birds, 2013,4(3): 189-209
9.Johann H. VAN NIEKERK.Vocal structure, behavior and partitioning of all 23 Pternistis spp. into homologous sound (and monophyletic) groups[J]. Chinese Birds, 2013,4(3): 210-231
10.Siegfried KLAUS, Winfried VOIGT, Yun FANG, Peter SELSAM, Yue-Hua SUN.Patch occupancy by the Chinese Grouse (Tetrastes sewerzowi) in a fragmented landscape[J]. Chinese Birds, 2013,4(3): 232-239
11.Ricardo CASAUX.Does prey availability affect the foraging effort and breeding success in the Antarctic Shag (Phalacrocorax bransfieldensis)?[J]. Chinese Birds, 2013,4(3): 240-247
12.Youhua CHEN.Conservation priority for endemic birds of mainland China based on a phylogenetic framework[J]. Chinese Birds, 2013,4(3): 248-253
13.Jianyun GAO, Zhaolu WU, Dongdong SU, Pingsheng ZHONG, Yisheng PENG, Fasheng ZOU.Observations on breeding behavior of the White-eared Night Heron (Gorsachius magnificus) in northern Guangdong, China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2013,4(3): 254-259
14.Yiqiang FU, Simon D. DOWELL, Zhengwang ZHANG.Emei Shan Liocichla: population, behavior and conservation[J]. Chinese Birds, 2013,4(3): 260-264
15. Per ALSTROM, Urban OLSSON, Fumin LEI.A review of the recent advances in the systematics of the avian superfamily Sylvioidea[J]. Chinese Birds, 2013,4(2): 99-131
16. Jon FJELDSA.The global diversification of songbirds (Oscines) and the build-up of the Sino-Himalayan diversity hotspot[J]. Chinese Birds, 2013,4(2): 132-143
17. Wenjuan WANG, Chuanyin DAI, Bailey D. MCKAY, Na ZHAO, Shou-Hsien LI, Fumin LEI.Microsatellites underestimate genetic divergence in the Green-backed Tit (Parus monticolus)[J]. Chinese Birds, 2013,4(2): 144-154
18. Urban OLSSON, Per ALSTROM.Molecular evidence suggests that the enigmatic Sulawesi endemic Geomalia heinrichi belongs in the genus Zoothera (Turdidae, Aves)[J]. Chinese Birds, 2013,4(2): 155-160
19. Chen YANG, Yinxu HOU, Lizhi ZHOU.Behaviors of the Oriental White Stork (Ciconia boyciana) in a semi-natural enclosure[J]. Chinese Birds, 2013,4(2): 161-169
20. Zhaotian LI, Zhou LU, Xiaolian SHU, Guangwei JIANG, Liang XU, Fang ZHOU.Nestedness of bird assemblages in the karst forest fragments of southwestern Guangxi, China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2013,4(2): 170-183
21. Tiziano LONDEI.About the geographic distribution of the Xinjiang Ground Jay (Podoces biddulphi)[J]. Chinese Birds, 2013,4(2): 184-186
22. Wenhong DENG.Brood parasitism on the Yellow-rumped Flycatcher (Ficedula zanthopygia) by the Oriental Cuckoo (Cuculus optatus) in an artificial nestbox in Beijing[J]. Chinese Birds, 2013,4(2): 187-188
23..Back cover figure[J]. Chinese Birds, 2013,4(2): 0-
24.Eivin ROSKAFT, Wei LIANG, Bard G. STOKKE .Avian brood parasitism — a growing research area in behavioral ecology (part II)[J]. Chinese Birds, 2013,4(1): 1-2
25.Arne MOKSNES, Frode FOSSOY, Eivin ROSKAFT, Bard G. STOKKE.Reviewing 30 years of studies on the Common Cuckoo: accumulated knowledge and future perspectives[J]. Chinese Birds, 2013,4(1): 3-14
26.Scott ROBINSON, Wendy SCHELSKY, Jeffrey HOOVER.Does landscape structure contribute to the long-term maintenance of generalized parasitism in cowbirds?[J]. Chinese Birds, 2013,4(1): 31-38
27.Rose THOROGOOD, Nicholas B. DAVIES.Hawk mimicry and the evolution of polymorphic cuckoos[J]. Chinese Birds, 2013,4(1): 39-50
28.Canchao YANG, Yan CAI, Wei LIANG.Eggs mimicry of Common Cuckoo (Cuculus canorus) utilizing Ashy-throated Parrotbill (Paradoxornis alphonsianus) host[J]. Chinese Birds, 2013,4(1): 51-56
29.Juan C. REBOREDA, Vanina D. FIORINI, María C. De MARSICO.Antiparasitic defenses in hosts of South American cowbirds[J]. Chinese Birds, 2013,4(1): 57-70
30.Bruce E. LYON, John M. EADIE.Patterns of host use by a precocial obligate brood parasite, the Black-headed Duck: ecological and evolutionary considerations[J]. Chinese Birds, 2013,4(1): 71-85
31.Naomi E. LANGMORE.Australian cuckoos and their adaptations for brood parasitism[J]. Chinese Birds, 2013,4(1): 86-92
32.Brian D. PEER, James W. RIVERS, Stephen I. ROTHSTEIN.The Brown-headed Cowbird: North America’s avian brood parasite[J]. Chinese Birds, 2013,4(1): 93-98
33..The 3rd International Symposium on Avian Brood Parasitism[J]. Chinese Birds, 2013,4(1): 0-
34..Back cover figure[J]. Chinese Birds, 2013,4(1): 0-
35.Eivin ROSKAFT, Wei LIANG, Bard G. STOKKE.Avian brood parasitism — a growing research area in behavioral ecology[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(4): 243-244
36.Anton ANTONOV, Bard G. STOKKE, Frode FOSSOY, Wei LIANG, Arne MOKSNES, Eivin ROSKAFT, Canchao YANG, Anders P. MOLLER.Why do brood parasitic birds lay strong-shelled eggs?[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(4): 245-258
37.Anders P. MOLLER, Juan J. SOLER.A coevolutionary framework based on temporal and spatial ecology of host-parasite interactions: A missing link in studies of brood parasitism[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(4): 259-273
38.Spencer G. SEALY, Todd J. UNDERWOOD.Egg discrimination by hosts and obligate brood parasites: a historical perspective and new synthesis[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(4): 274-294
39.Zachary AIDALA, Nicola CHONG, Michael G. ANDERSON, Mark E. HAUBER.Predicted visual sensitivity for short-wavelength light in the brood parasitic cuckoos of New Zealand[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(4): 295-301
40. Jesús M. AVILéS, Deseada PAREJO.Intra-clutch variation in egg appearance assessed by human vision does not relate to rejection of parasite eggs in Iberian Azure-winged Magpies[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(4): 302-311
41. Jin-Won LEE, Piotr G. JABLONSKI.Egg color polymorphism and morph-ratio variation in Korean populations of the Vinous-throated Parrotbill[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(4): 312-319
42. Csaba MOSKAT, Fugo TAKASU, A. Roman MUNOZ, Hiroshi NAKAMURA, Miklós BAN, Zoltán BARTA.Cuckoo parasitism on two closely-related Acrocephalus warblers in distant areas: a case of parallel coevolution?[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(4): 320-329
43. Peter SAMAS, Lenka POLACIKOVA, Mark E. HAUBER, Phillip CASSEY, Tomas GRIM.Egg rejection behavior and clutch characteristics of the European Greenfinch introduced to New Zealand[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(4): 330-338
44. Eivin ROSKAFT, Bard G. STOKKE, Frode FOSSOY, Arne MOKSNES.In memorial ― Anton Antonov (1977–2012)[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(4): 339-340
45..Acknowledgments to Reviewers[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(4): 0-0
46..Types of egg morphs of Common Cuckoos (Cuculus canorus) and their two closely-related Acrocephalus hosts from Hungary (host: Great Reed Warbler, A. arundinaceus) and Japan (host: Oriental Reed Warbler, A. orientalis)[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(4): 0-0
47. Liying SU, Hongfei ZOU.Status, threats and conservation needs for the continental population of the Red-crowned Crane[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(3): 147-164
48. Hongxing JIANG, Fawen QIAN, Chunyue LIU, Xiaoming LI, Yunqiu HOU, Guogang ZHANG, Ming DAI, Dongping LIU.Impact of marsh changes on breeding cranes in Sanjiang Plain, northeastern China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(3): 165-179
49. Fengshan LI, Jiandong WU, James HARRIS, James BURNHAM.Number and distribution of cranes wintering at Poyang Lake, China during 2011–2012[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(3): 180-190
50. Mary A. BISHOP, Drolma TSAMCHU, Fengshan LI.Number and distribution of Black-necked Cranes wintering in Zhigatse Prefecture, Tibet[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(3): 191-198
51. Tong ZHANG, Ming MA, Peng DING, Feng XU, Paul J. BUZZARD.Status and behavior of the Black-necked Crane (Grus nigricollis) in the Altun Mountain Reserve, Xinjiang[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(3): 199-205
52. Jinming LUO, Yongjie WANG, Fan YANG, Zhijun LIU.Effects of human disturbance on the Hooded Crane (Grus monacha) at stopover sites in northeastern China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(3): 206-216
53. Fawen QIAN, Hongxing JIANG, Guohai YU, Youzhong YU, Jun YANG, Siliang PANG, Renzu PIAO.Survey of breeding populations of the Red-Crowned Crane (Grus japonensis) in the Songnen Plain, northeastern China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(3): 217-224
54. Yuxiang LI, Changzhan SONG, Yucheng YANG, Xiaojing LI, Fengli LI, Jie HUANG, Xiuli HUANG.Monitoring population dynamics of the migratory Red-crowned Crane (Grus japonensis) at Shuangtaihekou National Nature Reserve, northeastern China, from 1991 to 2012[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(3): 225-229
55. Oleg A. GOROSHKO.Red-crowned Cranes on the Russian-Chinese Argun River and neighboring parts of the Daurian steppes[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(3): 230-237
56. Hong GUO, Ming MA.The Egyptian Vulture (Neophron percnopterus): record of a new bird in China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(3): 238-239
57. Jingjing LI, Hongfeng CAO, Kun JIN, Lianxian HAN, Huijian HU.A new record of Picidae in China: the Brown-fronted Woodpecker (Dendrocopos auriceps)[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(3): 240-241
58..Red-crowned Crane (Grus japonensis)[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(3): 0-
59..Tibetan Eared-pheasant (Crossoptilon harmani)[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(2): 0-
60. Lili ZHANG, Lizhi ZHOU, Yanli DAI.Genetic structure of wintering Hooded Cranes (Grus monacha) based on mitochondrial DNA D-loop sequences[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(2): 71-81
61. Weiwei ZHANG, Jianzhang MA.Use of display platforms of Common Coots (Fulica atra) compared with the use of nests during breeding seasons[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(2): 82-90
62. Iftikhar HUSSAIN, Asmat-un-NISA , Sangum KHALIL.Population biology of the Grey Francolin (Francolinus pondicerianus) in an agro-ecosystem of the Pothwar Plateau, Pakistan[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(2): 91-102
63. Langyu GU, Yang LIU, Ning WANG, Zhengwang ZHANG.A panel of polymorphic microsatellites in the Blue Eared Pheasant (Crossoptilon auritum) developed by cross-species amplification[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(2): 103-107
64. Canchao YANG, Yan CAI, Wei LIANG.Species identification of sympatric cuckoo nestlings in a multiple-cuckoo system, China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(2): 108-112
65. Xin LU.Summer-autumn habitat use by Galliformes in a primary forest, southeastern Tibet[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(2): 113-117
66. Shuihua CHEN, Qin HUANG, Zhongyong FAN, Cangsong CHEN, Yiwei LU.The update of Zhejiang bird checklist[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(2): 118-136
67. Abebe Kokiso.Avian diversity in hedgerows, preference to hedgerow types and their conservation at Angacha (Kembatta), central Ethiopia[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(2): 137-142
68. Aiwu JIANG, Zhiying CHENG, Xiantang LIANG.Discovery of Hume’s Pheasant (Syrmaticus humiae) in Guizhou Province, southwestern China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(2): 143-146
69. Xiaofeng LIU, Nikita CHERNETSOV.Avian orientation: multi-cue integration and calibration of compass systems[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(1): 1-8
70. Canchao YANG, Wei LIANG, Anton ANTONOV, Yan CAI, B?rd G. STOKKE, Frode FOSS?Y, Arne MOKSNES, Eivin R?SKAFT.Diversity of parasitic cuckoos and their hosts in China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(1): 9-32
71. Nan WANG, Guangmei ZHENG, Philip J.K. McGowan.Pheasants in sacred and other forests in western Sichuan: their cultural conservation[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(1): 33-46
72. Johann H. VAN NIEKERK.Observations on movements of Double-banded Sandgrouse (Pterocles bicinctus) in Borakalalo National Park, North West province, South Africa[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(1): 47-53
73. Borhan MANSOURI, Ebrahim HOSHYARI.Nickel concentration in two bird species from Hara Biosphere Reserve of southern Iran[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(1): 54-59
74. Yongzhi ZHU, Nan Lü, Peter PECHACEK, Jinlin LI, Yue-Hua SUN.Foraging behavior of the Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker subspecies Picoides tridactylus funebris in southern Gansu, China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(1): 60-66
75. Zhi LIN, Fenqi HE.Three Australian leg-flagged Roseate Terns found at Caiyu Archipelago of SE Fujian, China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(1): 67-70
76..Asian Emerald Cuckoo (Chrysococcyx maculatus)[J]. Chinese Birds, 2012,3(1): 0-
77.Fenqi HE 1, Xiaojun YANG 2, Xuejian DENG 3, Kaiming ZHU 4, Li LI 4, Jiansheng LIN 5, Hangdong JIANG 6, Lin ZHI 6.The White-eared Night Heron (Gorsachius magnificus): from behind the bamboo curtain to the front stage[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(4): 163-166
78.Fengshan LI 1, Mary Anne Bishop 1, Tsamchu Drolma 2.Power line strikes by Black-necked Cranes and Bar-headed Geese in Tibet Autonomous Region[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(4): 167-173
79.Wondimagegnehu TEKALIGN 1, Afework BEKELE 2.Status of and threats to the Black-winged Lovebird (Agapornis taranta) in Entoto Natural Park and Bole Sub-City, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(4): 174-182
80.V. GOKULA.An ethogram of Spot-billed Pelican (Pelecanus philippensis)[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(4): 183-192
81.Ramachandran SANTHANAKRISHNAN, Abdul Hameed MOHAMED SAMSOOR ALI, Uthirapathi ANBARASAN.Food habits and prey spectrum of Spotted Owlet (Athene brama) in Madurai District, Tamil Nadu, southern India[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(4): 193-199
82.Yiqun WU 1, Naifa LIU 2.Blue-eared Pheasant: a forest bird endemic to China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(4): 200-205
83.Yupin QIN 1, Fenqi HE 2.Latest evidence of the existence of the northern flock of the Chinese Crested Tern (Sterna bernsteini)[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(4): 206-207
84. Johann H. VAN Niekerk.Observations of Red-billed Spurfowl (Pternistis adspersus) in the arid Molopo Nature Reserve, North West Province, South Africa[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(3): 117-124
85.Jianqiang LI, Yanyun ZHANG, Zhengwang ZHANG.High frequency components in avian vocalizations[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(3): 125-131
86.Canwei XIA, Rong HUANG, Changchun WEI, Pinwen NIE, Yanyun ZHANG.Individual identification on the basis of the songs of the Asian Stubtail (Urosphena squameiceps)  [J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(3): 132-139
87. Mariya V. SIVAY, Nikita Y. SILKO, Kirill A. SHARSHOV, Aleksander V. PROKUDIN, Laixing LI, Min YANG, Sheng CAO, Aleksander M. SHESTOPALOV .The role of wild goose (Anser) populations of Russia and the Tibet Plateau in the spread of the avian influenza virus[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(3): 140-146
88.Zhongqiu LI.Suitable distance to observe Red-crowned Cranes: a note on the observer effect[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(3): 147-151
89.Lin CHEN, Fenqi HE.Are they hybrids of Sterna bergii × Sterna bernsteini?[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(3): 152-156
90.Xiaochun MA, Junfeng GUO, Xiaoping YU.Himalayan Monal (Lophophorus impejanus): distribution, habitat and population status in Tibet, China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(3): 157-162
91. Lu DONG, Wenhui NIU, Zhenting ZHOU, Yu-Cheng HSU, Yue SUN, Huw LLOYD, Yanyun ZHANG.Assessing the genetic integrity of captive and wild populations for reintroduction programs: the case of Cabot’s Tragopan in China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(2): 65-71
92.Fangjun LIN, Pingping JIANG, Ping DING.Genetic evidence for male-biased dispersal in Elliot’s Pheasant (Syrmaticus ellioti) in China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(2): 72-78
93. Lubna ALI, Noor-un-nisa , Syed Shahid SHAUKAT, Rafia Rehana GHAZI.Sex and age classes of prey items (rats/mice) in the diet of the Barn Owl (Tyto alba) in Sindh, Pakistan[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(2): 79-86
94.Kazuto KAWAKAMI, Masaki FUJITA, Motohiro HASEGAWA, Hiroshi MAKIHARA.Dietary characteristics of the Malayan Night Heron (Gorsachius melanolophus) in the Yaeyama Islands, southern Japan[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(2): 87-93
95.Yu JING, Nan Lü, Yun FANG, Yue-Hua SUN.Home range, population density, and habitat utilization of the Sichuan Jay (Perisoreus internigrans)[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(2): 94-100
96.V.Gokula.Breeding biology of the Spot-billed Pelican (Pelecanus philippensis) in Karaivetti Bird Sanctuary, Tamil Nadu, India[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(2): 101-108
97.Ji?í Mlíkovsky.Correct name for the Asian Russet Sparrow[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(2): 109-110
98.Wei LIANG, Zhengwang ZHANG.Hainan Peacock Pheasant (Polyplectron katsumatae): an endangered and rare tropical forest bird[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(2): 111-116
99.Lei CAO, Mark BARTER, Meijuan ZHAO, Haoxian MENG, Yong ZHANG.A systematic scheme for monitoring waterbird populations at Shengjin Lake, China: methodology and preliminary results[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(1): 1-17
100. Shuo WANG, Ying HU, Lu WANG.New ratite eggshell material from the Miocene of Inner Mongolia, China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(1): 18-26
101.Xuan ZHANG, Ning HUA, Qiang MA, Wenjie XUE, Xuesong FENG, Wei WU, Chendong TANG, Zhijun MA.Diet of Great Knots (Calidris tenuirostris) during spring stopover at Chongming Dongtan, China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(1): 27-32
102.Yun HUANG, Lizhi ZHOU .Screening and application of microsatellite markers for genetic diversity analysis of Oriental White Stork (Ciconia boyciana)[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(1): 33-38
103. Zhongyong FAN, Cangsong CHEN, Shuihua CHEN, Simba CHAN, Yiwei LU.Breeding seabirds along the Zhejiang coast: diversity, distribution and conservation[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(1): 39-45
104. Xiaojing LI, Yang SHI, Jiliang XU, Weidong BAO.Wintering ecology of the Black Stork (Ciconia nigra) in Beijing[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(1): 46-52
105. Jiliang XU, Zhengwang ZHANG .Home range and habitat composition of male Reeves's Pheasants in an agricultural-forest plantation landscape in central China: a preliminary report[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(1): 53-58
106. Ming MA.Status of the Xinjiang Ground Jay: population, breeding ecology and conservation[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(1): 59-62
107. Haitao WANG, Yunlei JIANG, Wei GAO.Jankowski's Bunting (Emberiza jankowskii): current status and conservation[J]. Chinese Birds, 2011,2(1): 63-63
108.Aiwu JIANG 1,*, Yuxin NING 2.A new distribution site of the Asian Open-billed Stork (Anastomus oscitans) in southwestern China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(4): 259-260
109. Fasheng ZOU 1,2,*, Guizhu CHEN 2, Qiongfang YANG 1.Impacts of bird abundance, activity height and light intensity on the number of birds captured by mist netting[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(4): 221-229
110. Junhua HU 1,2,3, Zhigang JIANG 2, Daode YANG 4, Huijian HU 3,*.Nest-site selection by Purple Swamphen in Haifeng, China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(4): 230-235
111. Wei ZHOU 1,*, Ning LI 1, Zhongjian DENG 1, Qing ZHANG 1, Minghui LI 1, Xuerong WANG 2.Modeling foraging habitats of Hume's Pheasant (Syrmaticus humiae) in Dazhong Mountain, Yunnan, southwestern China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(4): 236-243
112. Farzana PERVEEN*, Hafeez Ullah KHAN.Pressure from hunting on crane species in southern districts of northern Pakistan[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(4): 244-250
113. Haitao Wang 1, Yunlei Jiang 1,2, Wei Gao 1,*.Jankowski’s Bunting (Emberiza jankowskii): current status and conservation[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(4): 251-258
114.Xin LEI 1,2, Zuohua YIN 1, Zhenmin LIAN 2, Cungen CHEN 3, Chuanyin DAI 1, Anton KRISTIN 4, Fumin LEI.Phylogenetic relationships of some Sylviidae species based on complete mtDNA cyt b and partial COI sequence data[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(3): 175-187
115.Kuo-Lang CHANG 1, Liang CHEN 2, Jinyu LEI 3,*.Two new bird records for China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(3): 211-214
116.Yue-Hua SUN *, Yun FANG.Chinese Grouse (Bonasa sewerzowi): its natural history, behavior and conservation[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(3): 215-220
117.Xin LU*, Dianhua KE, Xiaoyan MA, Guohong GONG, Tonglei YU.Nesting records of 20 bird species in Lhasa region, Tibet[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(3): 167-174
118.Shuping ZHANG 1,*, Guangmei ZHENG 2.Effect of urbanization on the abundance and distribution of Tree Sparrows (Passer montanus) in Beijing[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(3): 188-197
119.Wei LIANG 1, J. Y. P. WONG 2, L. C. WONG 2*, C. L. FUNG 2, Zhumei LI 3.Ardeid nesting colonies in central Guizhou, southwestern China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(3): 198-203
120.Guogang ZHANG 1, Wei LIANG 2,*, Dongping LIU 1, Fawen QIAN 1, Yunqiu HOU 1, Wenba SU 3, Kilburn MIKE.Species abundance and conservation of coastal wintering waterbirds in Hainan Island, China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(3): 204-210
121.Dongsheng LI 1,2, Corwin SULLIVAN 1, Zhonghe ZHOU 1, Fucheng ZHANG 1,*.Basal birds from China: a brief review[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(2): 83-96
122.Anders Pape MOLLER 1,2,*, Johannes ERRITZOE 3, Jan Tottrup NIELSEN 4.Causes of interspecific variation in susceptibility to cat preda­tion on birds [J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(2): 97-111
123.Chuanyin DAI 1,2, Kai CHEN 1,3, Ruiying ZHANG 1,2, Xiaojun YANG 4, Zuohua YIN 1, Hengjiu TIAN 5, Zhi.Molecular phylogenetic analysis among species of Paridae, Remizidae and Aegithalos based on mtDNA sequences of COI and cyt b [J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(2): 112-123
124.Wenzhen FANG*, Xiaolin CHEN, Qingxian LIN, Xiaoping ZHOU.Effect of colonial breeding of Chinese Egret (Egretta eulophotes) on the heavy metal accumulation in heronry soil[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(2): 124-131
125.Ning LI 1, Wei ZHOU 1,*, Wei LI 1, Qing ZHANG 1, Xuerong WANG 2.Comparison of roosting habitat characteristics of two sympatric pheasants during springtime at Dazhong
Mountain, southwestern China
[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(2): 132-140
126.Juan C. ALONSO *, Carlos PALACíN.The world status and population trends of the Great Bustard (Otis tarda): 2010 update[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(2): 141-147
127.Peiqi LIU 1,*, Feng LI 2, Huidong SONG 2, Qiang WANG 2, Yuwen SONG 3, Yusen LIU 3, Zhengji PIAO 4.A survey to the distribution of the Scaly-sided Merganser (Mergus squamatus) in Changbai Mountain range (China side) [J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(2): 148-155
128.Changqing DING.Crested Ibis[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(2): 156-162
129.Hangdong JIANG 1, Lin CHEN 2, Fenqi HE 3,*.Preliminary assessment on the current knowledge of the Chinese Crested Tern (Sterna bernsteini)[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(2): 163-166
130.J. H. VAN NIEKERK.Social organization of a flock of Helmeted Guineafowl (Numida meleagris) at the Krugersdorp Game Reserve, South Africa[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(1): 22-29
131.Michele PANUCCIO 1,2, Nicolantonio AGOSTINI 1,2,*.Comparison of the water-crossing behavior of Western Marsh Harriers (Circus aeruginosus) and European Honey Buzzards (Pernis apivorus) during autumn migration[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(1): 30-35
132.Hui WU, Haitao WANG, Yunlei JIANG, Fumin LEI, Wei GAO.Offspring sex ratio in Eurasian Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus) with reversed sexual size dimorphism[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(1): 36-44
133.Peng LI, Ping DING, Kenneth J. FEELEY, Jingcheng ZHANG, Pingping JIANG.Patterns of species diversity and functional diversity of breeding birds in Hangzhou across an urbanization gradient[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(1): 1-8
134.Baohua WU, Tao LI, Xiaoping YU.Winter diet and digestive tract of the Golden Pheasant (Chrysolophus pictus) in the Qinling Mountains, China[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(1): 45-50
135.Manman CAO, Naifa LIU, Xiaoli WANG, Mengmeng GUAN.Genetic diversity and genetic structure of the Daurian Partridge (Perdix dauuricae) in China, assessed by microsatellite variation[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(1): 51-64
136.Ning WANG, Jianqiang LI, Yingying LIU, Zhengwang ZHANG .Improvement on molecular sex identification primers for Passeriform bird species[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(1): 65-69
137. Johannes KAMP, Maxim A. KOSHKIN, Robert D. SHELDON.Historic breeding of Sociable Lapwing (Vanellus gregarius) in Xinjiang[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(1): 70-73
138. Zuhao HUANG, Xinjun LIAO.Cross-species amplification and characterization of microsatellite DNA loci from Gallus gallus in Bambusicola thoracica[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(1): 74-76
139.Sellamuthu SOMASUNDARAM, Lalitha VIJAYAN.Foraging ecology of the globally threatened Nilgiri Wood Pigeon (Columba elphinstonii) in the Western Ghats, India[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(1): 9-21
140.Yanyun ZHANG .Cabot’s Tragopan[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(1): 77-79
141.Fenqi HE, Yongqi REN, Xiufang BAI.Preview of the No. 1148 Ramsar Site on the Ordos upland of western Inner Mongolia[J]. Chinese Birds, 2010,1(1): 80-81

Copyright by Chinese Birds